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Showing 51 - 60 of 125036 results

Selinexor (KPT-330) is a first in class XPO1 antagonist being evaluated in multiple later stage clinical trials in patients with relapsed and/or refractory hematological and solid tumor malignancies.
Bremelanotide (formerly PT-141) was developed for the treatment of female sexual dysfunction, hemorrhagic shock, and reperfusion injury. Bremelanotide, a synthetic peptide analog of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is an agonist at melanocortin receptors including the MC3R and MC4R, which are expressed primarily in the central nervous system. Bremelanotide originally was tested for intranasal administration in treating female sexual dysfunction but this application was temporarily discontinued in 2008 after concerns were raised over adverse side effects of increased blood pressure. It appears that development for hemorrhagic shock and reperfusion injury has been discontinued. Palatin Technologies licensed North American development and commercialization rights of bremelanotide to Amag in January 2017. In June 2018, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted AMAG Pharmaceuticals’ new drug application for bremelanotide for treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in premenopausal women. If approved, bremelanotide will be available as a self-administered, disposable subcutaneous auto-injector used in anticipation of a sexual encounter.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)


GBT440 (previously GTx011) is a potent and direct drug for sickle cell treatment. In sickle cell anemia, abnormal hemoglobin molecules are formed, which causes problems for the flow of blood and oxygen through the body. GBT440 can selectively bind to hemoglobin, thereby increasing its affinity for oxygen. By inhibiting hemoglobin polymerization, it also prevents deformation of the red blood cells. GBT440, renamed Voxelotor, is thought to help prevent sickle cells blocking blood vessels, and therefore reduces pain (sickle cell crisis) experienced by patients. GBT440 is well absorbed following intravenous and oral administration, and quickly partitions into the red blood cell with a small part re‐distributed into the plasma. GBT440 was well tolerated in a randomized, placebo‐controlled, double blind, parallel group phase I/II study in healthy volunteers and sickle cell disease patients. Headache is the most reported adverse event related to the use of this drug, and no serious adverse events are known. A phase 3 clinical trial examining the efficacy and safety of the drug (compared to placebo) is planned to be completed in 2019. Voxelotor was also studied as a potential therapy for treatment of low oxygen levels in the blood of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients, but this program was discontinued because of a lack of clinical benefits.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Cenobamate (also known as YKP3089) is a small molecule sodium channel blocker in development for the treatment of partial-onset seizures in adult patients. In mice and rats, Cenobamate displayed an anticonvulsant activity in the maximal electroshock test and prevented seizures induced by chemical convulsants such as pentylenetetrazol and picrotoxin. In addition, Cenobamate was reported to be effective in two models of focal seizure, the hippocampal kindled rat and the mouse 6 Hz psychomotor seizure models. Two completed adequate and well-controlled clinical studies demonstrated a significant reduction in focal seizures with Cenobamate in patients with epilepsy, and a long-term open-label phase 3 safety clinical trial is currently ongoing. Cenobamate is considered a new generation antiepileptic therapy and clinical trials have shown that it may be more effective and safer than existing drugs. If licensed, Cenobamate will offer a new adjunctive treatment option for patients with partial focal epilepsy.
NMS-1191372), initiated the first-in-human Phase 1 study ALKA-372-001 in Italy in October 2012. The study is currently ongoing in Italy. Entrectinib is currently being tested in a global phase 2 basket clinical trial called STARTRK-2. In the U.S., entrectinib has orphan drug designation and rare pediatric disease designation for the treatment of neuroblastoma and orphan drug designation for treatment of TrkA-, TrkB-, TrkC-, ROS1- and ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
Lumateperone (ITI-722/ITI-007) is a dual 5HT2A receptor antagonist/dopamine phosphoprotein modulator (DPPM) for the treatment of schizophrenia. It is an orally available compound which combines potent 5HT2A receptor antagonism with cell-type-specific modulation of phosphoprotein pathways downstream of dopamine receptors. Lumateperone was developed by Intra-Cellular Therapies, Inc., and is being evaluated for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar depression. In 3 efficacy studies in patients with acute schizophrenia, lumateperone was well-tolerated with a favorable safety profile, and in 2 studies of 3 demonstrated significantly superior efficacy over placebo.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Levalmodipine (S-amlodipine) is an active enantiomer of amlodipine, a calcium antagonist that inhibits the transmembrane influx of calcium ions into vascular smooth muscle and cardiac muscle. Experimental data suggest that S-amlodipine binds to both dihydropyridine and nondihydropyridine binding sites. The contractile processes of cardiac muscle and vascular smooth muscle are dependent upon the movement of extracellular calcium ions into these cells through specific ion channels. S-Amlodipine inhibits calcium ion influx across cell membranes selectively, with a greater effect on vascular smooth muscle cells than on cardiac muscle cells. Enantiomerically pure S-amlodipine is marketed in some countries worldwide, while racemate, containing active S-enantiomer an inactive R-enantiomer is marketed in the USA and indicated for the treatment of hypertension and coronary artery disease.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



with levodopa-containing products.
Pexidartinib (PLX3397) is a small-molecule receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. Pexidartinib binds to and inhibits phosphorylation of stem cell factor receptor (KIT), colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF1R) and FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3), which may result in the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and down-modulation of macrophages, osteoclasts and mast cells involved in the osteolytic metastatic disease. FDA has granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to pexidartinib (PLX3397) for the treatment of tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) where surgical removal of the tumor would be associated with potentially worsening functional limitation or severe morbidity. In addition to Breakthrough Therapy Designation, pexidartinib (PLX3397) has been granted Orphan Drug Designation by FDA for the treatment of pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) and giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCT-TS). It also has received Orphan Designation from the European Commission for the treatment of TGCT.
The clinical development of fedratinib was terminated after reports of Wernicke's encephalopathy in myelofibrosis patients.