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Showing 21 - 30 of 2351 results


Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Esketamine is an S(+)-enantiomer of ketamine. It is a nonselective, noncompetitive antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. A nasal spray, containing esketamine, was approved in 2019 for the treatment of treatment-resistant depression in adults, in conjunction with an oral antidepressant, and is marketed under tradename SPARAVATO. Esketamine is a schedule III drug product in the USA.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Tafamidis meglumine (Vyndaqel®, Pfizer) is a novel, first-in-class drug for the treatment of transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP), a rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive sensory, motor and autonomic impairment that is ultimately fatal. Pathogenic mutations in the transthyretin (TTR) protein lead to destabilization of its tetrameric structure and subsequent formation of amyloid aggregates. Tafamidis is a small-molecule inhibitor that binds selectively to TTR in human plasma and kinetically stabilizes the tetrameric structure of both wild-type TTR and a number of different mutants. Clinical trials indicate that tafamidis slows disease progression in patients with TTR-FAP and reduces the burden of disease, demonstrating improvement in small and large nerve fiber function, modified body mass index and lower extremity neurological examination. Tafamidis meglumine has been launched for TTR FAP in the EU, Japan, Argentina, Malta and Mexico, and is preregistration in the US for this indication.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Afamelanotide (SCENESSE) is a synthetic α-melanocyte stimulating hormone analog and first-in-class melanocortin-1 receptor agonist that is approved in the EU for the prevention of phototoxicity in adults with erythropoietic protoporphyria. Afamelanotide differs from endogenous α-melanocyte stimulating hormone at the fourth and seventh amino acid residues, increasing its resistance to immediate degradation and increasing its binding time to melanocortin-1 receptor. Afamelanotide is mimic the pharmacological activity of α-melanocyte stimulating hormone by binding to the melanocortin-1 receptor on melanocytes and activating the synthesis of eumelanin. Eumelanin provides photoprotection through mechanisms including, but not limited to, the absorption and scattering of visible and UV light and antioxidant activity. Afamelanotide increases eumelanin density in healthy volunteers and patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria. In healthy, fair-skinned volunteers, a significant increase in melanin density and skin darkening in both sun-exposed and non-sun-exposed sites was seen with subcutaneous injections of afamelanotide. The most common afamelanotide adverse events included headache and nausea. Common adverse effects include back pain, upper respiratory tract infections, decreased appetite, migraine, and dizziness.
Siponimod (BAF312) is a dual agonist at the sphingosine-1 phosphate receptors, S1PR1 and S1PR5. The S1P receptor is commonly found on the surface of specific cells residing in the central nervous system (CNS), that are responsible for causing CNS damage that drives loss of function in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). Siponimod (BAF312) enters the brain and by binding to these specific receptors, may prevent the activation of these harmful cells, helping to reduce the loss of physical and cognitive function associated with SPMS.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Pretomanid (PA-824) is an experimental anti-tuberculosis drug. Pretomanid is a bicyclic nitroimidazole-like molecule with a very complex mechanism of action. It is active against both replicating and hypoxic, non-replicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As a potential TB therapy, it has many attractive characteristics - most notably its novel mechanism of action, its activity in vitro against all tested drug-resistant clinical isolates, and its activity as both a potent bactericidal and a sterilizing agent in mice. In addition, the compound shows no evidence of mutagenicity in a standard battery of genotoxicity studies, no significant cytochrome P450 interactions, and no significant activity against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. This compound has been developed by TB Alliance and is a potential cornerstone of future TB and drug-resistant TB treatment regimens. It is currently undergoing Phase III clinical trials.
Entrectinib (previously known as RXDX-101, NMS-E628) is an investigational drug, potent inhibitor of ALK, ROS1, and, importantly, of TRK family kinases, which shows promise for therapy of tumors bearing oncogenic forms of these proteins. Entrectinib (RXDX-101) is a selective inhibitor for all three Trk receptor tyrosine kinases encoded by the three NTRK genes, as well as the ROS1 and ALKreceptor tyrosine kinases.This investigational drug is active at low nanomolar concentrations, allowing for once-daily oral administration to patients whose tumors have been shown to have gene rearrangements in NTRK, ROS1, or ALK. Nerviano Medical Sciences, the original sponsor for entrectinib (formerly referred to as NMS-1191372), initiated the first-in-human Phase 1 study ALKA-372-001 in Italy in October 2012. The study is currently ongoing in Italy. Entrectinib is currently being tested in a global phase 2 basket clinical trial called STARTRK-2. In the U.S., entrectinib has orphan drug designation and rare pediatric disease designation for the treatment of neuroblastoma and orphan drug designation for treatment of TrkA-, TrkB-, TrkC-, ROS1- and ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
Upadacitinib (ABT-494) is a Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) inhibitor currently being developed by AbbVie for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, atopic dermatitis, and psoriatic arthritis. It is also being investigated as a potential treatment for people with active ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Currently, upadacitinib is being evaluatedin six global phase III studies in RA and twophase III studies in psoriatic arthritis (PsA), inaddition to phase II studies in Crohn’s disease and atopicdermatitis and a combined phase II/III study inulcerative colitis. Upadacitinib is a potent and selective Janus kinase (JAK) 1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 43 nM.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Gallium edotreotide Ga-68 is a radioconjugate consisting of the octreotide derivative edotreotide labeled with gallium 68 (Ga-68). Similar to octreotide, gallium Ga 68-edotreotide binds to somatostatin receptors (SSTRs), especially type 2 receptors, present on the cell membranes of many types of neuroendocrine tumor cells and their metastases, thereby allowing for imaging of SSTR-expressing cells with positron emission tomography (PET). Gallium edotreotide Ga-68 has been authorized in the EU as SomaKit for the diagnosis of gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. It was investigated in clinical trials for imaging of brain tumors, pituitary tumors and neuroendocrine tumors of various origin.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Istradefylline is a first-in-class adenosine A2A receptor antagonist antiparkinsonian agent and has been marketed as the brand name NOURIAST® in Japan since May 30, 2013. NOURIAST is indicated for the improvement of wearing-off phenomena in patients with Parkinson’s disease on concomitant treatment with levodopa-containing products.
Selinexor (KPT-330) is a first in class XPO1 antagonist being evaluated in multiple later stage clinical trials in patients with relapsed and/or refractory hematological and solid tumor malignancies.