U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Showing 21 - 30 of 6045 results

Doravirine (MK-1439) is a nonnucleoside inhibitor of HIV reverse transcriptase (NNRTI). It displays excellent activities against not only WT viruses but also a broader panel of NNRTI-resistant viruses. Doravirine is a prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of HIV infection in adults who have never taken HIV medicines before. Doravirine is always used in combination with other HIV medicines.
Status:
US Approved Rx (2018)

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Coflodiol, also known as ursadiol, is a triterpenoid, isolated from the non-saponifiable lipid fraction of the flower extract of chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium). This compound possesses minimal antitubercular activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Duvelisib (IPI-145), is an orally available, small-molecule, selective dual inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) δ and γ isoforms originated by Intellikine (owned by Takeda) and developed by Infinity Pharmaceuticals. Orally administered duvelisib was rapidly absorbed, with a dose-proportional increase in exposure. The compound produced a half-life of approximately 7-12 hours, following 14 days of dosing. Duvelisib exerts profound effects on adaptive and innate immunity by inhibiting B and T cell proliferation, blocking neutrophil migration, and inhibiting basophil activation. Duvelisib blockade of PI3K-δ and PI3K-γ potentially lead to significant therapeutic effects in multiple inflammatory, autoimmune, and hematologic diseases. The molecule is in phase III development as a combination therapy for patients with haematological malignancies such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia and follicular lymphoma.
Status:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (RACEMIC)



Lofexidine is newly FDA approved in the United States under the brand name LUCEMYRA for the treatment of opioid withdrawal symptoms in adults. Lofexidine acts as an agonist to α2 adrenergic receptors. These receptors inhibit adenylyl cyclase activity, leading to the inhibition of the second messenger, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). The inhibition of cAMP leads to potassium efflux through calcium-activated channels, blocking calcium ions from entering the nerve terminal, resulting in suppression of neural firing, inhibition of norepinephrine release. Lofexidine replaces the opioid-driven inhibition of cAMP production and moderating the symptoms of opioid withdrawal.
Status:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Avatrombopag is an orally bioavailable, small molecule thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist that stimulates proliferation and differentiation of megakaryocytes from bone marrow progenitor cells resulting in increased production of platelets. Avatrombopag does not compete with TPO for binding to the TPO receptor and has an additive effect with TPO on platelet production. Avatrombopag was discovered by Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical, developed by AkaRx which late became acquired by Dova Pharmaceuticals. In 2018 avatrombopag was approved by the FDA for thrombocytopenia in adults with chronic liver disease scheduled to undergo a procedure.
Status:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)


Conditions:

Prucalopride is a novel enterokinetic compound and is the first representative of the benzofuran class. Prucalopride is a potent, selective and specific serotonin 5-HT4 receptor (5-HT4-R) agonist. Prucalopride (Resolor®), a highly selective serotonin 5-HT4 receptor agonist, is indicated in the European Economic Area for the treatment of adults with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) in whom laxatives have failed to provide adequate relief.
Status:
Possibly Marketed Outside US

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Amifampridine (Firdapse), currently approved in the European Union, is the first and only approved drug for the symptomatic treatment of Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS) in adults, a rare autoimmune disease with the primary symptoms of muscle weakness. In LEMS, the body’s own immune system attacks connections between nerves and muscles and disrupts the ability of nerve cells to send signals to muscle cells. Amifampridine blocks voltage-dependent potassium channels, thereby prolonging pre-synaptic cell membrane depolarization. Prolonging the action potential enhances the transport of calcium into the nerve ending. The resulting increase in intracellular calcium concentrations facilitates exocytosis of acetylcholine containing vesicles, which in turn enhances neuromuscular transmission. Amifampridine phosphate has been granted Orphan Drug Designation and Breakthrough Therapy designation by the FDA for the treatment of Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS).
Ivosidenib (AG-120) is an inhibitor of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) This experimental drug inhibits mutant IDH1, leading to increased differentiation and decreased proliferation in IDH1 positive tumors and thus is thought to be promising for the treatment of IDH1-mutated tumors. In vivo treatment with AG-120 of TF-1 cells, primary human AML patient samples expressing mutant IDH1 and primary human blast cells cultured ex vivo showed that AG-120 is effective at lowering 2-HG levels and restoring cellular differentiation. It showed promising results in a phase I trial in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia and is being evaluated in Phase III in previously-treated subjects with nonresectable or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with an IDH1 mutation.
Status:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Apalutamide (developmental code name ARN-509) is a selective and competitive androgen receptor inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM, useful for prostate cancer treatment. Apalutamide binds to AR in target tissues thereby preventing androgen-induced receptor activation and facilitating the formation of inactive complexes that cannot be translocated to the nucleus. This prevents binding to and transcription of AR-responsive genes. This ultimately inhibits the expression of genes that regulate prostate cancer cell proliferation and may lead to an inhibition of cell growth in AR-expressing tumor cells. Apalutamide is currently in phase III clinical trials for castration-resistant prostate cancer.