U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

Showing 11 - 20 of 6045 results

PF-04449913 is a potent and selective inhibitor of the Hh signaling pathway through binding to the target, smoothened. PF-04449913 inhibits Hh signaling in vitro and has demonstrated significant antitumor activity in vivo. In the clinic, PF-04449913 is being evaluated both in hematological and solid malignancies, with a phase II trial currently underway in both fit and unfit patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Treatment-related adverse-events were nausea, dizziness, somnolence, QT prolongation and pruritus. Based on pre-clinical assessments, CYP3A4 is believed to be primarily involved in the metabolism of PF-04449913 that is why PF-04449913 plasma exposures and peak concentrations were increased following concurrent administration of ketoconazole (CYP3A4 inhibitor).
Lorlatinib is an investigational medicine that inhibits the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and ROS1 proto-oncogene. Lorlatinib was specifically designed to inhibit tumor mutations that drive resistance to other ALK inhibitors. Lorlatinib has in vitro activity against ALK and number of other tyrosine kinase receptor related targets including ROS1, TYK1, FER, FPS, TRKA, TRKB, TRKC, FAK, FAK2, and ACK. Lorlatinib demonstrated in vitro activity against multiple mutant forms of the ALK enzyme, including some mutations detected in tumors at the time of disease progression on crizotinib and other ALK inhibitors. Moreover, lorlatinib possesses the capability to cross the blood-brain barrier, allowing it to reach and treat progressive or worsening brain metastases as well. Lorlatinib is a third-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) indicated for the treatment of patients with ALK-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease has progressed on a) the prior use of crizotinib and at least one other ALK inhibitor for metastatic disease, or b) the prior use of alectinib as the first ALK inhibitor therapy for metastatic disease, or c) the prior use of certinib as the first ALK inhibitor therapy for metastatic disease.
Larotrectinib (previously known as ARRY-470 and LOXO-101) is a potent, oral and selective investigational new drug in clinical development for the treatment of patients with cancers that harbor abnormalities involving the tropomyosin receptor kinases (TRKs). Larotrectinib is in phase II clinical trials for the treatment patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and for the pediatric patients with advanced solid or primary CNS tumors.
Baricitinib (trade name Olumiant) is an investigational drug for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), being developed by Incyte and Eli Lilly. Baricitinib is a selective JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor with IC50 of 5.9 nM and 5.7 nM in cell-free assays. In February 2017 Baricitinib was approved for use in the European Union as a second-line therapy for moderate to severe active rheumatoid arthritis in adults, either alone or in combination with methotrexate. On 31 May 2018 FDA approved Barictinib for the treatment of adult patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis who have had an inadequate response to one or more TNF antagonist therapies.
Gilteritinib, also known as ASP2215, is a potent FLT3/AXL inhibitor, which showed potent antileukemic activity against AML with either or both FLT3-ITD and FLT3-D835 mutations. In in vitro, among the 78 tyrosine kinases tested, Gilteritinib inhibited FLT3, LTK, ALK, and AXL kinases by over 50% at 1 nM with an IC50 value of 0.29 nM for FLT3, approximately 800-fold more potent than for c-KIT, the inhibition of which is linked to a potential risk of myelosuppression. Gilteritinib inhibited the growth of MV4-11 cells, which harbor FLT3-ITD, with an IC50 value of 0.92 nM, accompanied with inhibition of pFLT3, pAKT, pSTAT5, pERK, and pS6. Gilteritinib decreased tumor burden in bone marrow and prolonged the survival of mice intravenously transplanted with MV4-11 cells. In previous preclinical studies, gilteritinib has demonstrated superior antitumor effects when given in combination with AraC and either DNR or IDR compared with combination chemotherapy. In November 2018, the FDA approved gilteritinib for treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a FLT3 mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test.
Status:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Plazomicin is a novel aminoglycoside antibiotic that binds to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit, thus inhibiting protein synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner. Plazomicin displays a broad spectrum of activity against aerobic gram-negative bacteria including extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, and organisms with aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes. Plazomicin resistance in Enterobacteriaceae is via modification of the ribosomal binding site due to expression of 16S rRNA methyltransferases. ZEMDRI (plazomicin) injection for intravenous use is indicated for the treatment of patients 18 years of age or older with Complicated Urinary Tract Infections (cUTI) including Pyelonephritis.
Elagolix (ABT-620) is an oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist being studied for the treatment of endometriosis and uterine fibroids. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved AbbVie's elagolix under the brand name Orilissa as the first and only oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist specifically developed for women with moderate to severe endometriosis pain.
Dacomitinib is an oral, once-daily, pan-HER inhibitor. It is an irreversible inhibitor of HER-1 (EGFR), HER-2 and HER-4 tyrosine kinases. Dacomtinib is being evaluated in phase 3 clinical trials against nonsmall-cell lung cancer. Direct comparison with erlotinib did not show superiority of dacomtinib, but subgroup analysis have demonstrated that subgroup with exon 19 deletion had favorable outcomes with dacomitinib. In addition to nonsmall-cell lung cancer dacomtinib is being evaluated against esophagus, head and neck and other neoplasms. Due to its ability to pass through blood-brain barrier, dacomitinib can be used to treat brain tumors.
Tezacaftor (VX-661) is an investigational compound developed by Vertex Pharmaceuticals to treat cystic fibrosis (CF). It is an oral corrector of the CF transmembrane regulator (CFTR) and is similar to lumacaftor, another N-aryl-1-(2,2-difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)cyclopropanecarboxamide derivative developed by Vertex. Cystic fibrosis is caused by defects in CFTR gene, which encodes an epithelial chloride channel. The most common mutant Δ508CFTR is a misfolded protein that does not reach the cell membrane. VX-661 corrects trafficking of Δ508CFTR and partially restores chloride channel activity. In vitro, a combination of VX-661 and ivacaftor, an FDA approved in 2012 CFTR potentiator which increases the time the CFTR channel is open, allowing chloride ions to flow through the CFTR proteins on the surface of epithelial cells, resulted in greater CFTR activity compared with VX-661 alone. In February 2012, a phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of VX-661 was initiated in CF patients who were homozygous or heterozygous for the F508del mutation. There is an ongoing Vertex Phase 3 development program of VX-661 in combination with ivacaftor which includes four studies on CF patients 1) with two copies of the F508del mutation, 2) one copy of the F508del mutation and a second mutation that results in residual CFTR function, 3) one copy of the F508del mutation and a second mutation that results in residual CFTR function gating defect in the CFTR protein and 4) one copy of the F508del mutation and a second mutation that results in minimal CFTR function.

Showing 11 - 20 of 6045 results