U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

Showing 1391 - 1400 of 2250 results

Status:
Possibly Marketed Outside US
Source:
ORANGE BOOK:VIOMYCIN SULFATE [ORANGE BOOK]
Source URL:
First approved in 1953

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Viomycin is a basic peptide antibiotic, which is among the most effective agents against multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. The tuberactinomycins, such as Viomycin, target bacterial ribosomes, binding RNA and disrupting bacterial protein biosynthesis. Specifically, viomycin binds to a site on the ribosome which lies at the interface between helix 44 of the small ribosomal subunit and helix 69 of the large ribosomal subunit. The structures of this complexes suggest that the viomycin inhibits translocation by stabilizing the tRNA in the A site in the pretranslocation state.
Status:
Possibly Marketed Outside US
Source:
ORANGE BOOK:HYDROXYSTILBAMIDINE ISETHIONATE [ORANGE BOOK]
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)

Conditions:

Hydroxystilbamidine is an organic antimonal derivative with antiprotazoal, antifungal and anticancer activity. It was used in the treatment of blastomicosis and leishmaniasis. Moreover, hydroxystilbamidine (FluoroGold) is used as a tracer for neurons.
Edetic acid (EDTA) is a chelating agent. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved edetic acid chelation therapy as a treatment for lead and heavy metal poisoning. Edetic acid in form of disodium salt was withdrawn from the market due to death resulting from hypocalcemia during chelation.
Status:
Possibly Marketed Outside US
First approved in 1953

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Sulfamethizole is an oral antiobiotic, which was used against urinary tract infections under the name Thiosulfil. Sulfamethizole blocks bacterial growth by inhibiting folic acid synthesis via enzyme called dihydropteroate synthase. The drug is no longer marketed in the USA.
Status:
US Approved Rx (2000)
First approved in 1953
Source:
NDA008720
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Conditions:

Levorphanol, brand name Levo-Dromoran, is an opioid medication used to treat moderate to severe pain. Levorphanol is indicated for the management of moderate to severe pain where an opioid analgesic is appropriate. It is a potent synthetic opioid mu-receptor agonist similar in action to morphine. Like other opioid mu-receptor agonists, it is believed to act at receptors in both the brain and spinal cord to alter the transmission and perception of pain. The onset and peak analgesic effects following administration of levorphanol are similar to morphine when administered at equal analgesic doses. Levorphanol produces a degree of respiratory depression similar to that produced by morphine at equal analgesic doses, and like many opioid mu-receptor agonists, levorphanol produces euphoria or has a positive effect on mood in many individuals.
Methscopolamine bromide is an anticholinergic agent used along with other medications to treat peptic ulcers by reducing stomach acid secretion. Methscopolamine is also commonly used as a drying agent, to dry up post-nasal drip, in cold, irritable bowel syndrome and allergy medications. Methscopolamine binds to M1-M5 isoforms of muscarinic receptors.
Status:
US Approved Rx (1958)
First approved in 1953

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (RACEMIC)


Conditions:

Cyclopentolate (cyclopentolate hydrochloride) is a parasympatholytic anticholinergic used solely to obtain mydriasis or cycloplegia. This anticholinergic preparation blocks the responses of the sphincter muscle of the iris and the accommodative muscle of the ciliary body to cholinergic stimulation, producing pupillary dilation (mydriasis) and paralysis of accommodation (cycloplegia). It acts rapidly, but has a shorter duration than atropine. Maximal cycloplegia occurs within 25 to 75 minutes after instillation. Complete recovery of accommodation usually takes 6 to 24 hours. Complete recovery from mydriasis in some individuals may require several days. Heavily pigmented irides may require more doses than lightly pigmented irides.
Status:
First approved in 1953
Source:
NDA008578
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Pyrimethamine, sold under the trade name Daraprim, is one of the folic acid antagonists that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis. In addition it was approved in Chemoprophylaxis of Malaria. However, resistance to pyrimethamine is prevalent worldwide. It is not suitable as a prophylactic agent for travelers to most areas. Pyrimethamine is well absorbed with peak levels occurring between 2 to 6 hours following administration. It is eliminated slowly and has a plasma half-life of approximately 96 hours. Pyrimethamine is 87% bound to human plasma proteins. Pyrimethamine acts by selectively inhibiting malarial dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase and the rationale for its therapeutic action is based on the differential requirement between host and parasite for nucleic acid precursors involved in growth. This activity is highly selective against plasmodia and Toxoplasma gondii. Pyrimethamine possesses blood schizonticidal and some tissue schizonticidal activity against malaria parasites of humans. The action of pyrimethamine against Toxoplasma gondii is greatly enhanced when used in conjunction with sulfonamides.
Status:
Possibly Marketed Outside US

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)


Conditions:

Piperazine, a six membered nitrogen containing heterocycle, is of great significance to the rational design of drugs. This moiety can be found in a plethora of well-known drugs with various therapeutic uses, such as antipsychotic, antihistamine, antianginal, antidepressant, anticancer, antiviral, cardio protectors, anti-inflammatory, and imaging agents. Slight modification to the substitution pattern on the piperazine nucleus facilitates a recognizable difference in the medicinal potential of the resultant molecules. Piperazine has been used as an antihelmintic drug. Piperazine works by paralyzing the worms. They are then passed in the stool.
Status:
US Previously Marketed
Source:
21 CFR 310.545(a)(24)(i) menstrual/diuretic riboflavin
Source URL:
First approved in 1970
Source:
O-Cal FA multivitamin by Pharmics, Inc.
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Riboflavin (vitamin B2) is part of the vitamin B group. Riboflavin 5’-phosphate is the precursor of two coenzymes, flavin adenine dinucleotide and flavin mononucleotide, which catalyze oxidation/reduction reactions involved in a number of metabolic pathways. FAD and riboflavin phosphate in foods are hydrolyzed in the intestinal lumen by nucleotide diphosphatase and a variety of nonspecific phosphatases to yield free riboflavin, which is absorbed in the upper small intestines by a sodium-dependent saturable mechanism. Riboflavin has been used in several clinical and therapeutic situations. For over 30 years, riboflavin supplements have been used as part of the phototherapy treatment of neonatal jaundice. Corneal ectasia is a progressive thinning of the cornea; the most common form of this condition is keratoconus. Collagen cross-linking is a non-surgical treatment intended to slow progression of corneal ectasia by strengthening corneal tissue. The standard protocol calls for application directly to the eye of a 0.1% riboflavin solution for 30 minutes followed by 30 minutes of ultraviolet-A irradiation with a wavelength of 370 nm and power of 3 mW/cm2. Under the conditions used for corneal collagen cross-linking, riboflavin 5‘-phosphate functions as a photo enhancer and generates singlet oxygen which is responsible for the cross-linking.

Showing 1391 - 1400 of 2250 results