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Details

Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Molecular Formula C17H19NO3
Molecular Weight 285.3383
Optical Activity NONE
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 2
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of PIPERINE

SMILES

C1CCN(CC1)C(=O)/C(/[H])=C(\[H])/C(/[H])=C(\[H])/c2ccc3c(c2)OCO3

InChI

InChIKey=MXXWOMGUGJBKIW-YPCIICBESA-N
InChI=1S/C17H19NO3/c19-17(18-10-4-1-5-11-18)7-3-2-6-14-8-9-15-16(12-14)21-13-20-15/h2-3,6-9,12H,1,4-5,10-11,13H2/b6-2+,7-3+

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C17H19NO3
Molecular Weight 285.3383
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 2
Optical Activity NONE

Description
Curator's Comment:: Description was created based on several sources, including https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23625885

Piperine is a simple and pungent alkaloid found in the seeds of black pepper (Piper nigrum). Following its isolation and full characterization, the biological properties of piperine have been extensively studied, and piperine-like derivatives have shown an interesting range of pharmacological activities. Piperine is currently paving its way to become a privileged scaffold for the development of bioactive compounds with therapeutic application in multiple human diseases. In particular, piperine derivatives were shown to modulate the activity of several targets related to neurological disorders, including epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, depression and pain related disorders. Moreover, the efflux pump inhibitory ability of piperine and its analogues tackles important drug resistance mechanisms and may improve the clinical efficacy of antibiotic and anticancer drugs. Piperine has been found to have immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant, anti-asthmatic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, and anti-amoebic properties.

CNS Activity

Curator's Comment:: Blood-brain barrier penetrant and CNS active

Originator

Curator's Comment:: Piperine was discovered in 1819, when Hans Christian Ørsted isolated it from the fruits of the source plant of black and white pepper, piper nigrum. Piperine's chemical constitution was established by laboritory synthesis in 1882 and 1894.

Approval Year

PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Action of intrathecal capsaicin and its structural analogues on the content and release of spinal substance P: selectivity of action and relationship to analgesia.
1984 Jul 23
Steroid hormone activity of flavonoids and related compounds.
2000 Jul
Role of cytochrome P450 2B1 in puromycin aminonucleoside-induced cytotoxicity to glomerular epithelial cells.
2003
Screening of the inhibitory effect of vegetable constituents on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated activity induced by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.
2003 Dec
Inhibition of MAO A and B by some plant-derived alkaloids, phenols and anthraquinones.
2004 Apr
Piperine is a potent inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), c-Fos, CREB, ATF-2 and proinflammatory cytokine gene expression in B16F-10 melanoma cells.
2004 Dec 20
Effects of xenobiotics and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha on the human UDPglucose dehydrogenase gene expression.
2005
Effects of piperine, the pungent component of black pepper, at the human vanilloid receptor (TRPV1).
2005 Mar
Modulation of cadmium induced alterations in murine thymocytes by piperine: oxidative stress, apoptosis, phenotyping and blastogenesis.
2006 Aug 14
Prediction of estrogen receptor agonists and characterization of associated molecular descriptors by statistical learning methods.
2006 Nov
Antioxidant effects of a Rhodobryum roseum extract and its active components in isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in rats and cardiac myocytes against oxidative stress-triggered damage.
2009 Jan
Piperine as an inhibitor of Rv1258c, a putative multidrug efflux pump of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
2010 Aug
Drug discovery for Duchenne muscular dystrophy via utrophin promoter activation screening.
2011
The plant alkaloid piperine as a potential inhibitor of ethidium bromide efflux in Mycobacterium smegmatis.
2011 Feb
Suppression of phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced tumor cell invasion by piperine via the inhibition of PKCα/ERK1/2-dependent matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression.
2011 May 30
Piperine inhibits PMA-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression through downregulating NF-κB, C/EBP and AP-1 signaling pathways in murine macrophages.
2012 Jul
Anti-HBV active constituents from Piper longum.
2013 Apr 1
Piperine potentiates the antidepressant-like effect of trans-resveratrol: involvement of monoaminergic system.
2013 Dec
Small molecule activators of the Nrf2-HO-1 antioxidant axis modulate heme metabolism and inflammation in BV2 microglia cells.
2013 Oct
Piperine activates human pregnane X receptor to induce the expression of cytochrome P450 3A4 and multidrug resistance protein 1.
2013 Oct 1
Mitigating efficacy of piperine in the physiological derangements of high fat diet induced obesity in Sprague Dawley rats.
2014 Sep 25
Piperine blocks interleukin-2-driven cell cycle progression in CTLL-2 T lymphocytes by inhibiting multiple signal transduction pathways.
2015 Apr 2
Screening of a chemical library reveals novel PXR-activating pharmacologic compounds.
2015 Jan 5
Patents

Sample Use Guides

A single dose of Piperine 20 mg was administered daily for 10 days
Route of Administration: Oral
Piperine inhibited the proliferation of SW480 and HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent manner, it had low cytotoxicity on these cell lines with 50 % inhibiting concentration (IC50) values greater than 100 uM. Pretreatment of the cells with 40 uM piperine for 1 h significantly
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
Edited
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
Record UNII
U71XL721QK
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
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Name Type Language
PIPERINE
FHFI   INCI   MI   USP-RS   WHO-DD  
INCI  
Official Name English
PIPERINE [FHFI]
Common Name English
NSC-21727
Code English
PIPERINE [INCI]
Common Name English
PIPERINE [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
PIPERINE [USP-RS]
Common Name English
BIOPERINE
Common Name English
PIPERINE (CONSTITUENT OF BLACK PEPPER) [DSC]
Common Name English
(E,E)-1-(5-(1,3-BENZODIOXOL-5-YL)-2,4-PENTADIENOYL)PIPERIDINE
Systematic Name English
PIPERINE [MI]
Common Name English
(2E,4E)-5-(BENZO(D)(1,3)DIOXOL-5-YL)-1-(PIPERIDIN-1-YL)PENTA-2,4-DIEN-1-ONE
Systematic Name English
FEMA NO. 2909
Code English
PIPERIDINE, 1-(5-(1,3-BENZODIOXOL-5-YL)-1-OXO-2,4-PENTADIENYL)-, (E,E)-
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
DSLD 2372 (Number of products:123)
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
NCI_THESAURUS C257
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
JECFA EVALUATION PIPERINE
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
EPA PESTICIDE CODE 43501
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
CFR 21 CFR 172.515
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
Code System Code Type Description
PUBCHEM
638024
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
NCI_THESAURUS
C72629
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
U71XL721QK
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB35136
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
M8854
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY Merck Index
EPA CompTox
94-62-2
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
94-62-2
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DB12582
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MESH
C008922
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
WIKIPEDIA
PIPERINE
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
ChEMBL
CHEMBL43185
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
USP_CATALOG
1543200
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY USP-RS
RXCUI
1311146
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY RxNorm
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
202-348-0
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 07:44:20 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
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